Agaricus bisporus - the white button mushroom, portabella.
Claviceps purpurea - ergotism, contributor to past unrest in Europe, and the Salem Witch Trials.
Fomes fomentarius - the tinder polypore; used for thousands of years.
Phytophthora infestans - late blight of potato and the Irish potato famine.
Rozites caperata - the gypsy mushroom, reported to have antiviral activity.
Novel Antimicrobials from mushrooms by Paul Stamets.
Uses of fungi - Botanical.com, a modern herbal.
Ergot - by Andrea Salvador and Gillian Kolla, October 1995.
Fungi in the King's American Dispensatory 1898 - in this herbal the "Boletus.—White Agaric" is Fomitopsis officinalis. Page also includes Amanitas and other fungi.
The store mushroom, Agaricus bisporus is one of the most widely cultivated mushrooms.
Trametes versicolor is one of many fungi that are being tested for use in cancer treatments.